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Accueil > Publications

Publications de l’I2BC

2017



  • A. Agorio, J. Giraudat, M. W. Bianchi, J. Marion, C. Espagne, L. Castaings, F. Lelièvre, C. Curie, S. Thomine, et S. Merlot, « Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate–binding protein AtPH1 controls the localization of the metal transporter NRAMP1 in Arabidopsis », Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, p. 201702975, avr. 2017.
    Mots-clés : BIOCELL, DYNBSJ, late endosome, metal transport, MINION, NRAMP, phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate, vacuole.


  • S. Ait-El-Mkadem, M. Dayem-Quere, M. Gusic, A. Chaussenot, S. Bannwarth, B. François, E. C. Genin, K. Fragaki, C. L. M. Volker-Touw, C. Vasnier, V. Serre, K. L. I. van Gassen, F. Lespinasse, S. Richter, G. Eisenhofer, C. Rouzier, F. Mochel, A. De Saint-Martin, M. - T. Abi Warde, M. G. M. de Sain-van der Velde, J. J. M. Jans, J. Amiel, Z. Avsec, C. Mertes, T. B. Haack, T. Strom, T. Meitinger, P. E. Bonnen, R. W. Taylor, J. Gagneur, P. M. van Hasselt, A. Rötig, A. Delahodde, H. Prokisch, S. A. Fuchs, et V. Paquis-Flucklinger, « Mutations in MDH2, Encoding a Krebs Cycle Enzyme, Cause Early-Onset Severe Encephalopathy », American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 100, nᵒ 1, p. 151-159, 2017.

  • A. Arnal, C. Jacqueline, B. Ujvari, L. Leger, C. Moreno, D. Faugere, A. Tasiemski, C. Boidin-Wichlacz, D. Misse, F. Renaud, J. Montagne, A. Casali, B. Roche, F. Mery, et F. Thomas, « Cancer brings forward oviposition in the fly Drosophila melanogaster », Ecology and Evolution, vol. 7, nᵒ 1, p. 272-276, 2017.
    Résumé : Hosts often accelerate their reproductive effort in response to a parasitic infection, especially when their chances of future reproduction decrease with time from the onset of the infection. Because malignancies usually reduce survival, and hence potentially the fitness, it is expected that hosts with early cancer could have evolved to adjust their life-history traits to maximize their immediate reproductive effort. Despite the potential importance of these plastic responses, little attention has been devoted to explore how cancers influence animal reproduction. Here, we use an experimental setup, a colony of genetically modified flies Drosophila melanogaster which develop colorectal cancer in the anterior gut, to show the role of cancer in altering life-history traits. Specifically, we tested whether females adapt their reproductive strategy in response to harboring cancer. We found that flies with cancer reached the peak period of oviposition significantly earlier (i.e., 2 days) than healthy ones, while no difference in the length and extent of the fecundity peak was observed between the two groups of flies. Such compensatory responses to overcome the fitness-limiting effect of cancer could explain the persistence of inherited cancer-causing mutant alleles in the wild.
    Mots-clés : BIOCELL, cancer, fecundity, life‐history strategy, METABO, reproduction.


  • H. Azouaoui, C. Montigny, T. Dieudonné, P. Champeil, A. Jacquot, J. L. Vázquez-Ibar, P. Le Maréchal, J. Ulstrup, M. - R. Ash, J. A. Lyons, P. Nissen, et G. Lenoir, « A High and Phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PI4P)-dependent ATPase Activity for the Drs2p/Cdc50p Flippase after Removal of its N- and C-terminal Extensions », Journal of Biological Chemistry, p. jbc.M116.751487, mars 2017.
    Mots-clés : autophosphorylation, B3S, Cdc50 protein, Flippase, inhibition mechanism, limited proteolysis, lipid-protein interaction, LPSM, phosphatidylserine, phosphoinositide.


  • E. Baquero, A. A. Albertini, H. Raux, A. Abou‐Hamdan, E. Boeri‐Erba, M. Ouldali, L. Buonocore, J. K. Rose, J. Lepault, S. Bressanelli, et Y. Gaudin, « Structural intermediates in the fusion‐associated transition of vesiculovirus glycoprotein », The EMBO Journal, vol. 36, nᵒ 5, p. 679-692, mars 2017.
    Mots-clés : B3S, conformational change, glycoprotein, IMAPP, intermediate structures, membrane fusion, RHANDO, Vesiculovirus, VIRO, VIROEM.


  • S. Barral, Y. Morozumi, H. Tanaka, E. Montellier, J. Govin, M. de Dieuleveult, G. Charbonnier, Y. Couté, D. Puthier, T. Buchou, F. Boussouar, T. Urahama, F. Fenaille, S. Curtet, P. Héry, N. Fernandez-Nunez, H. Shiota, M. Gérard, S. Rousseaux, H. Kurumizaka, et S. Khochbin, « Histone Variant H2A.L.2 Guides Transition Protein-Dependent Protamine Assembly in Male Germ Cells », Molecular Cell, vol. 66, nᵒ 1, p. 89-101.e8, 2017.


  • H. Bengueddach, M. Lemullois, A. Aubusson-Fleury, et F. Koll, « Basal body positioning and anchoring in the multiciliated cell Paramecium tetraurelia: roles of OFD1 and VFL3 », Cilia, vol. 6, nᵒ 1, 2017.

  • L. Bidou, O. Bugaud, V. Belakhov, T. Baasov, et O. Namy, « Characterization of new-generation aminoglycoside promoting premature termination codon readthrough in cancer cells », RNA biology, p. 1-11, 2017.
    Résumé : Nonsense mutations, generating premature termination codons (PTCs), account for 10% to 30% of the mutations in tumor suppressor genes. Nonsense translational suppression, induced by small molecules including gentamicin and G418, has been suggested as a potential therapy to counteract the deleterious effects of nonsense mutations in several genetic diseases and cancers. We describe here that NB124, a synthetic aminoglycoside derivative recently developed especially for PTC suppression, strongly induces apoptosis in human tumor cells by promoting high level of PTC readthrough. Using a reporter system, we showed that NB124 suppressed several of the PTCs encountered in tumor suppressor genes, such as the p53 and APC genes. We also showed that NB124 counteracted p53 mRNA degradation by nonsense-mediated decay (NMD). Both PTC suppression and mRNA stabilization contributed to the production of a full-length p53 protein capable of activating p53-dependent genes, thereby specifically promoting high levels of apoptosis. This new-generation aminoglycoside thus outperforms the only clinically available readthrough inducer (gentamicin). These results have important implications for the development of personalised treatments of PTC-dependent diseases and for the development of new drugs modifying translation fidelity.
    Mots-clés : Aminoglycoside, Apoptosis, cancer, DBG, GST, p53, stop codon readthrough.


  • W. V. Bienvenut, J. - P. Scarpelli, J. Dumestier, T. Meinnel, et C. Giglione, « EnCOUNTer: a parsing tool to uncover the mature N-terminus of organelle-targeted proteins in complex samples », BMC Bioinformatics, vol. 18, nᵒ 1, 2017.
    Mots-clés : DBG, DIR, PROMTI, SICS.


  • K. Bodvard, K. Peeters, F. Roger, N. Romanov, A. Igbaria, N. Welkenhuysen, G. Palais, W. Reiter, M. B. Toledano, M. Käll, et M. Molin, « Light-sensing via hydrogen peroxide and a peroxiredoxin », Nature Communications, vol. 8, p. 14791, mars 2017.

  • M. Bosco, A. Massarweh, S. Iatmanen-Harbi, A. Bouhss, I. Chantret, P. Busca, S. E. H. Moore, et C. Gravier-Pelletier, « Synthesis and biological evaluation of chemical tools for the study of Dolichol Linked Oligosaccharide Diphosphatase (DLODP) », European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 125, p. 952-964, 2017.
    Résumé : Citronellyl- and solanesyl-based dolichol linked oligosaccharide (DLO) analogs were synthesized and tested along with undecaprenyl compounds for their ability to inhibit the release of [(3)H]OSP from [(3)H]DLO by mammalian liver DLO diphosphatase activity. Solanesyl (C45) and undecaprenyl (C55) compounds were 50-500 fold more potent than their citronellyl (C10)-based counterparts, indicating that the alkyl chain length is important for activity. The relative potency of the compounds within the citronellyl series was different to that of the solanesyl series with citronellyl diphosphate being 2 and 3 fold more potent than citronellyl-PP-GlcNAc2 and citronellyl-PP-GlcNAc, respectively; whereas solanesyl-PP-GlcNAc and solanesyl-PP-GlcNAc2 were 4 and 8 fold more potent, respectively, than solanesyl diphosphate. Undecaprenyl-PP-GlcNAc and bacterial Lipid II were 8 fold more potent than undecaprenyl diphosphate at inhibiting the DLODP assay. Therefore, at least for the more hydrophobic compounds, diphosphodiesters are more potent inhibitors of the DLODP assay than diphosphomonoesters. These results suggest that DLO rather than dolichyl diphosphate might be a preferred substrate for the DLODP activity.
    Mots-clés : Animals, Biological evaluation, CDG, Diphosphatase, Disubstituted diphosphates, Dolichol, Dolichol Phosphates, ENVBAC, Glycochemistry, Humans, liver, MICROBIO, Monoterpenes, Oligosaccharides, Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases, Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases, Phosphosugars, Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Sugars, Polyisoprenyl Phosphates, Substrate Specificity.

  • M. Boudard, D. Barth, J. Bernauer, A. Denise, et J. Cohen, « GARN2: coarse-grained prediction of 3D structure of large RNA molecules by regret minimization », Bioinformatics (Oxford, England), 2017.
    Résumé : Motivation: Predicting the 3D structure of RNA molecules is a key feature towards predicting their functions. Methods which work at atomic or nucleotide level are not suitable for large molecules. In these cases, coarse-grained prediction methods aim to predict a shape which could be refined later by using more precise methods on smaller parts of the molecule. Results: We developed a complete method for sampling 3D RNA structure at a coarse-grained model, taking a secondary structure as input. One of the novelties of our method is that a second step extracts two best possible structures close to the native, from a set of possible structures. Although our method benefits from the first version of GARN, some of the main features on GARN2 are very different. GARN2 is much faster than the previous version and than the well-known methods of the state-of-art. Our experiments show that GARN2 can also provide better structures than the other state-of-the-art methods. Availability and implementations: GARN2 is written in Java. It is freely distributed and available at: http://garn.lri.fr/ . Contacts: melanie.boudard@lri.fr , johanne.cohen@lri.fr. Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
    Mots-clés : BIM, DBG.

  • A. Breton, A. Novikov, R. Martin, P. Tissieres, et M. Caroff, « Structural and biological characteristics of different forms of V. filiformis lipid A: use of MS to highlight structural discrepancies », Journal of Lipid Research, vol. 58, nᵒ 3, p. 543-552, 2017.
    Résumé : Vitreoscilla filiformis is a Gram-negative bacterium isolated from spa waters and described for its beneficial effects on the skin. We characterized the detailed structure of its lipopolysaccharide (LPS) lipid A moiety, an active component of the bacterium that contributes to the observed skin activation properties. Two different batches differing in postculture cell recovery were tested. Chemical analyses and mass spectra, obtained before and after mild-alkali treatments, revealed that these lipids A share the common bisphosphorylated β-(1→6)-linked d-glucosamine disaccharide with hydroxydecanoic acid in an amide linkage. Short-chain FAs, hydroxydecanoic and dodecanoic acid, were found in a 2:1 ratio. The two lipid A structures differed by the relative amount of the hexa-acyl molecular species and phosphoethanolamine substitution of the phosphate groups. The two V. filiformis LPS batches induced variable interleukin-6 and TNF-α secretion by stimulated myelomonocytic THP-1 cells, without any difference in reactive oxygen species production or activation of caspase 3/7. Other different well-known highly purified LPS samples were characterized structurally and used as standards. The structural data obtained in this work explain the low inflammatory response observed for V. filiformis LPS and the previously demonstrated beneficial effects on the skin.
    Mots-clés : cytokines, ESHR, lipid biochemistry, lipopolysaccharide, Mass Spectrometry, MICROBIO, skin, Toll-like receptor, V. filiformis.

  • S. C. Brown, M. Bourge, N. Maunoury, M. Wong, M. W. Bianchi, S. Lepers-Andrzejewski, P. Besse, S. Siljak-Yakovlev, M. Dron, et B. Satiat-Jeunemaître, « DNA remodelling by Strict Partial Endoreplication in orchids, an original process in the plant kingdom », Genome Biology and Evolution, 2017.
    Résumé : DNA remodelling during endoreplication appears to be a strong developmental characteristic in orchids. In this study, we analysed DNA content and nuclei in 41 species of orchids to further map the genome evolution in this plant family. We demonstrate that the DNA remodelling observed in 36 out of 41 orchids studied corresponds to strict partial endoreplication. Such process is developmentally regulated in each wild species studied. Cytometry data analyses allowed us to propose a model where nuclear states 2C, 4E, 8E, etc. form a series comprising a fixed proportion, the euploid genome 2C, plus 2 to 32 additional copies of a complementary part of the genome. The fixed proportion ranged from 89% of the genome in Vanilla mexicana down to 19% in V. pompona, the lowest value for all 148 orchids reported. Insterspecific hybridisation did not suppress this phenomenon. Interestingly, this process was not observed in mass-produced epiphytes. Nucleolar volumes grow with the number of endocopies present, coherent with high transcription activity in endoreplicated nuclei. Our analyses suggest species-specific chromatin rearrangement. Towards understanding endoreplication, V. planifolia constitutes a tractable system for isolating the genomic sequences that confer an advantage via endoreplication from those that apparently suffice at diploid level.
    Mots-clés : BIOCELL, CYTO, cytogenetics, cytometry, DYNBSJ, endoreplication, genome imbalance, Genome Size, PF, Vanilla.


  • S. E. Cannella, V. Y. Ntsogo Enguéné, M. Davi, C. Malosse, A. C. Sotomayor Pérez, J. Chamot-Rooke, P. Vachette, D. Durand, D. Ladant, et A. Chenal, « Stability, structural and functional properties of a monomeric, calcium–loaded adenylate cyclase toxin, CyaA, from Bordetella pertussis », Scientific Reports, vol. 7, p. 42065, févr. 2017.


  • L. Cao, S. Cantos-Fernandes, et B. Gigant, « The structural switch of nucleotide-free kinesin », Scientific Reports, vol. 7, p. 42558, févr. 2017.


  • M. - F. Carlier et S. Shekhar, « Global treadmilling coordinates actin turnover and controls the size of actin networks », Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, mars 2017.

  • C. Cassier-Chauvat, V. Dive, et F. Chauvat, « Cyanobacteria: photosynthetic factories combining biodiversity, radiation resistance, and genetics to facilitate drug discovery », Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 101, nᵒ 4, p. 1359-1364, 2017.
    Résumé : Cyanobacteria are ancient, abundant, and widely diverse photosynthetic prokaryotes, which are viewed as promising cell factories for the ecologically responsible production of chemicals. Natural cyanobacteria synthesize a vast array of biologically active (secondary) metabolites with great potential for human health, while a few genetic models can be engineered for the (low level) production of biofuels. Recently, genome sequencing and mining has revealed that natural cyanobacteria have the capacity to produce many more secondary metabolites than have been characterized. The corresponding panoply of enzymes (polyketide synthases and non-ribosomal peptide synthases) of interest for synthetic biology can still be increased through gene manipulations with the tools available for the few genetically manipulable strains. In this review, we propose to exploit the metabolic diversity and radiation resistance of cyanobacteria, and when required the genetics of model strains, for the production and radioactive ((14)C) labeling of bioactive products, in order to facilitate the screening for new drugs.
    Mots-clés : B2CYA, Biodiversity, Cyanobacteria, MICROBIO, Peptide Synthases, photosynthesis, Radioactive labeling, Secondary metabolites, Toxins.


  • V. Chaptal, F. Delolme, A. Kilburg, S. Magnard, C. Montigny, M. Picard, C. Prier, L. Monticelli, O. Bornert, M. Agez, S. Ravaud, C. Orelle, R. Wagner, A. Jawhari, I. Broutin, E. Pebay-Peyroula, J. - M. Jault, H. R. Kaback, M. le Maire, et P. Falson, « Quantification of Detergents Complexed with Membrane Proteins », Scientific Reports, vol. 7, p. 41751, févr. 2017.


  • J. - P. Charbonnier, E. M. van Rikxoort, A. A. A. Setio, C. M. Schaefer-Prokop, B. van Ginneken, et F. Ciompi, « Improving airway segmentation in computed tomography using leak detection with convolutional networks », Medical Image Analysis, vol. 36, p. 52-60, 2017.

  • R. Chouari, M. Leonard, M. Bouali, S. Guermazi, N. Rahli, I. Zrafi, L. Morin, et A. Sghir, « Eukaryotic molecular diversity at different steps of the wastewater treatment plant process reveals more phylogenetic novel lineages », World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, vol. 33, nᵒ 3, p. 44, 2017.
    Résumé : Wastewater microbiota represents important actors of organic depollution. Nowadays, some species used as bioindicators of the effluent quality are still identified by microscopy. In the present study, we investigated eukaryotic diversity at the different steps of the treatment process of a wastewater treatment plant (aerobic, anaerobic, clarifier basins and anaerobic digester) using the 18S rRNA gene sequencing approach. Of the 1519 analysed sequences, we identified 160 operational taxonomic units. Interestingly, 56.9% of the phylotypes were assigned to novel phylogenetic molecular species since they show <97% sequence identity with their nearest affiliated representative within public databases. Peritrichia ciliates were the most predominant group, with Epistylis as the most common genus. Although anaerobic, the digester appears to harbor many unclassified phylotypes of protozoa species. Novel lineages such as LKM11 and LKM118 were widely represented in the digester. Diversity values given by Shannon indexes show that the clarifier is the most diversified. This work will help designing molecular tools that are fast, reliable, and reproducible for monitoring wastewater depollution and studying phylogenetic relationships among the wonderful world of protists within this anthropogenic ecosystem.
    Mots-clés : 18S rRNA gene, Activated sludge, Ciliates, Cryptomycota, LGBMB, LKM118, MICROBIO, Wastewater microbiota.

  • M. Clémancey, T. Cantat, G. Blondin, J. - M. Latour, P. Dorlet, et G. Lefèvre, « Structural Insights into the Nature of Fe(0) and Fe(I) Low-Valent Species Obtained upon the Reduction of Iron Salts by Aryl Grignard Reagents », Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 56, nᵒ 7, p. 3834-3848, 2017.
    Résumé : Mechanistic studies of the reduction of Fe(III) and Fe(II) salts by aryl Grignard reagents in toluene/tetrahydrofuran mixtures in the absence of a supporting ligand, as well as structural insights regarding the nature of the low-valent iron species obtained at the end of this reduction process, are reported. It is shown that several reduction pathways can be followed, depending on the starting iron precursor. We demonstrate, moreover, that these pathways lead to a mixture of Fe(0) and Fe(I) complexes regardless of the nature of the precursor. Mössbauer and (1)H NMR spectroscopies suggest that diamagnetic 16-electron bisarene complexes such as (η(4)-C6H5Me)2Fe(0) can be formed as major species (85% of the overall iron quantity). The formation of a η(6)-arene-ligated low-spin Fe(I) complex as a minor species (accounting for ca. 15% of the overall iron quantity) is attested by Mössbauer spectroscopy, as well as by continuous-wave electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and pulsed-EPR (HYSCORE) spectroscopies. The nature of the Fe(I) coordination sphere is discussed by means of isotopic labeling experiments and density functional theory calculations. It is shown that the most likely low-spin Fe(I) candidate obtained in these systems is a diphenylarene-stabilized species [(η(6)-C6H5Me)Fe(I)Ph2](-) exhibiting an idealized C2v topology. This enlightens the nature of the lowest valence states accommodated by iron during the reduction of Fe(III) and Fe(II) salts by aryl Grignard reagents in the absence of any additional coligand, which so far remained rather unknown. The reactivity of these low-valent Fe(I) and Fe(0) complexes in aryl-heteroaryl Kumada cross-coupling conditions has also been investigated, and it is shown that the zerovalent Fe(0) species can be used efficiently as a precursor in this reaction, whereas the Fe(I) oxidation state does not exhibit any reactivity.
    Mots-clés : B3S, LSOD.


  • C. Cruciani-Guglielmacci, L. Bellini, J. Denom, M. Oshima, N. Fernandez, P. Normandie-Levi, X. P. Berney, N. Kassis, C. Rouch, J. Dairou, T. Gorman, D. M. Smith, A. Marley, R. Liechti, D. Kuznetsov, L. Wigger, F. Burdet, A. - L. Lefèvre, I. Wehrle, I. Uphues, T. Hildebrandt, W. Rust, C. Bernard, A. Ktorza, G. A. Rutter, R. Scharfmann, I. Xenarios, H. Le Stunff, B. Thorens, C. Magnan, et M. Ibberson, « Molecular phenotyping of multiple mouse strains under metabolic challenge uncovers a role for Elovl2 in glucose-induced insulin secretion », Molecular Metabolism, vol. 6, nᵒ 4, p. 340-351, 2017.


  • P. Cuniasse, P. Tavares, E. V. Orlova, et S. Zinn-Justin, « Structures of biomolecular complexes by combination of NMR and cryoEM methods », Current Opinion in Structural Biology, vol. 43, p. 104-113, 2017.


  • E. Dambroise, M. Simion, T. Bourquard, S. Bouffard, B. Rizzi, Y. Jaszczyszyn, M. Bourge, P. Affaticati, A. Heuzé, J. Jouralet, J. Edouard, S. Brown, C. Thermes, A. Poupon, E. Reiter, F. Sohm, F. Bourrat, et J. - S. Joly, « Postembryonic Fish Brain Proliferation Zones Exhibit Neuroepithelial-Type Gene Expression Profile: Features of Neuroepithelial Cells in Fish », STEM CELLS, 2017.
    Mots-clés : BMgif, CYTO, NGS, PF.

  • N. Dautin, C. de Sousa-d'Auria, F. Constantinesco-Becker, C. Labarre, J. Oberto, I. L. de la Sierra-Gallay, C. Dietrich, H. Issa, C. Houssin, et N. Bayan, « Mycoloyltransferases: A large and major family of enzymes shaping the cell envelope of Corynebacteriales », Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, vol. 1861, nᵒ 1 Pt B, p. 3581-3592, 2017.
    Résumé : Mycobacterium and Corynebacterium are important genera of the Corynebacteriales order, the members of which are characterized by an atypical diderm cell envelope. Indeed the cytoplasmic membrane of these bacteria is surrounded by a thick mycolic acid-arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan (mAGP) covalent polymer. The mycolic acid-containing part of this complex associates with other lipids (mainly trehalose monomycolate (TMM) and trehalose dimycolate (TDM)) to form an outer membrane. The metabolism of mycolates in the cell envelope is governed by esterases called mycoloyltransferases that catalyze the transfer of mycoloyl chains from TMM to another TMM molecule or to other acceptors such as the terminal arabinoses of arabinogalactan or specific polypeptides. In this review we present an overview of this family of Corynebacteriales enzymes, starting with their expression, localization, structure and activity to finally discuss their putative functions in the cell. In addition, we show that Corynebacteriales possess multiple mycoloyltransferases encoding genes in their genome. The reason for this multiplicity is not known, as their function in mycolates biogenesis appear to be only partially redundant. It is thus possible that, in some species living in specific environments, some mycoloyltransferases have evolved to gain some new functions. In any case, the few characterized mycoloyltransferases are very important for the bacterial physiology and are also involved in adaptation in the host where they constitute major secreted antigens. Although not discussed in this review, all these functions make them interesting targets for the discovery of new antibiotics and promising vaccines candidates. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Science for Life" Guest Editor: Dr. Austen Angell, Dr. Salvatore Magazù and Dr. Federica Migliardo.
    Mots-clés : Antigen 85, ARCHEE, CORYNE, Esterase, Fibronectin-binding protein, MICROBIO, Mycobacterium, Mycolyltransferases, Mycomembrane.

  • R. P. de Vries, R. Riley, A. Wiebenga, G. Aguilar-Osorio, S. Amillis, C. A. Uchima, G. Anderluh, M. Asadollahi, M. Askin, K. Barry, E. Battaglia, Ö. Bayram, T. Benocci, S. A. Braus-Stromeyer, C. Caldana, D. Cánovas, G. C. Cerqueira, F. Chen, W. Chen, C. Choi, A. Clum, R. A. C. Dos Santos, A. R. de L. Damásio, G. Diallinas, T. Emri, E. Fekete, M. Flipphi, S. Freyberg, A. Gallo, C. Gournas, R. Habgood, M. Hainaut, M. L. Harispe, B. Henrissat, K. S. Hildén, R. Hope, A. Hossain, E. Karabika, L. Karaffa, Z. Karányi, N. Kraševec, A. Kuo, H. Kusch, K. LaButti, E. L. Lagendijk, A. Lapidus, A. Levasseur, E. Lindquist, A. Lipzen, A. F. Logrieco, A. MacCabe, M. R. Mäkelä, I. Malavazi, P. Melin, V. Meyer, N. Mielnichuk, M. Miskei, Á. P. Molnár, G. Mulé, C. Y. Ngan, M. Orejas, E. Orosz, J. P. Ouedraogo, K. M. Overkamp, H. - S. Park, G. Perrone, F. Piumi, P. J. Punt, A. F. J. Ram, A. Ramón, S. Rauscher, E. Record, D. M. Riaño-Pachón, V. Robert, J. Röhrig, R. Ruller, A. Salamov, N. S. Salih, R. A. Samson, E. Sándor, M. Sanguinetti, T. Schütze, K. Sepčić, E. Shelest, G. Sherlock, V. Sophianopoulou, F. M. Squina, H. Sun, A. Susca, R. B. Todd, A. Tsang, S. E. Unkles, N. van de Wiele, D. van Rossen-Uffink, J. V. de C. Oliveira, T. C. Vesth, J. Visser, J. - H. Yu, M. Zhou, M. R. Andersen, D. B. Archer, S. E. Baker, I. Benoit, A. A. Brakhage, G. H. Braus, R. Fischer, J. C. Frisvad, G. H. Goldman, J. Houbraken, B. Oakley, I. Pócsi, C. Scazzocchio, B. Seiboth, P. A. vanKuyk, J. Wortman, P. S. Dyer, et I. V. Grigoriev, « Comparative genomics reveals high biological diversity and specific adaptations in the industrially and medically important fungal genus Aspergillus », Genome Biology, vol. 18, nᵒ 1, p. 28, 2017.
    Résumé : BACKGROUND: The fungal genus Aspergillus is of critical importance to humankind. Species include those with industrial applications, important pathogens of humans, animals and crops, a source of potent carcinogenic contaminants of food, and an important genetic model. The genome sequences of eight aspergilli have already been explored to investigate aspects of fungal biology, raising questions about evolution and specialization within this genus. RESULTS: We have generated genome sequences for ten novel, highly diverse Aspergillus species and compared these in detail to sister and more distant genera. Comparative studies of key aspects of fungal biology, including primary and secondary metabolism, stress response, biomass degradation, and signal transduction, revealed both conservation and diversity among the species. Observed genomic differences were validated with experimental studies. This revealed several highlights, such as the potential for sex in asexual species, organic acid production genes being a key feature of black aspergilli, alternative approaches for degrading plant biomass, and indications for the genetic basis of stress response. A genome-wide phylogenetic analysis demonstrated in detail the relationship of the newly genome sequenced species with other aspergilli. CONCLUSIONS: Many aspects of biological differences between fungal species cannot be explained by current knowledge obtained from genome sequences. The comparative genomics and experimental study, presented here, allows for the first time a genus-wide view of the biological diversity of the aspergilli and in many, but not all, cases linked genome differences to phenotype. Insights gained could be exploited for biotechnological and medical applications of fungi.
    Mots-clés : Aspergillus, CLAUDIO, Comparative genomics, DIR, Fungal biology, Genome sequencing.


  • L. Dhers, N. Pietrancosta, L. Ducassou, B. Ramassamy, J. Dairou, M. Jaouen, F. André, D. Mansuy, et J. - L. Boucher, « Spectral and 3D model studies of the interaction of orphan human cytochrome P450 2U1 with substrates and ligands », Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, vol. 1861, nᵒ 1, p. 3144-3153, 2017.

  • S. Di Gregorio, S. Fernandez, A. Cuirolo, O. Verlaine, A. Amoroso, D. Mengin-Lecreulx, A. Famiglietti, B. Joris, et M. Mollerach, « Different Vancomycin-Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus Phenotypes Selected from the Same ST100-hVISA Parental Strain », Microbial Drug Resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.), vol. 23, nᵒ 1, p. 44-50, 2017.
    Résumé : The aim of this study is to characterize the factors related to peptidoglycan metabolism in isogenic hVISA/VISA ST100 strains. Recently, we reported the increase in IS256 transposition in invasive hVISA ST100 clinical strains isolated from the same patient (D1 and D2) before and after vancomycin treatment and two laboratory VISA mutants (D23C9 and D2P11) selected from D2 in independent experiments. High performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) analysis of peptidoglycan muropeptides showed increased proportion of monomeric muropeptides and a concomitant decrease in the proportion of tetrameric muropeptide in D2 and derived mutants when compared to the original strain D1. In addition, strain D2 and its derived mutants showed an increase in cell wall thickness with increased pbp2 gene expression. The VISA phenotype was not stable in D2P11 and showed a reduced autolysis profile. On the other hand, the mutant D23C9 differentiates from D2 and D2P11 in the autolysis profile, and pbp4 transcription profile. D2-derived mutants exhibited differences in the susceptibility to other antimicrobials. Our results highlight the possibility of selection of different VISA phenotypes from a single hVISA-ST100 genetic background.
    Mots-clés : ENVBAC, hVISA, MICROBIO, MRSA, ST100, Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin, VISA.


  • G. Dimchev, A. Steffen, F. Kage, V. Dimchev, J. Pernier, M. - F. Carlier, et K. Rottner, « Efficiency of lamellipodia protrusion is determined by the extent of cytosolic actin assembly », Molecular Biology of the Cell, p. mbc.E16-05-0334, mars 2017.

  • K. Djacem, P. Tavares, et L. Oliveira, « Bacteriophage SPP1 pac Cleavage: A Precise Cut without Sequence Specificity Requirement », Journal of Molecular Biology, 2017.
    Résumé : In many tailed bacteriophages, DNA packaging is initiated by recognition and cleavage of a specific sequence pac by the small (TerS) and large (TerL) terminase subunits. It was previously shown that the SPP1 pac region has two sequences where TerS binds (pacR and pacL), flanking the segment where TerL cleaves the SPP1 DNA (pacC). However, the pac-specific sequences required to achieve this endonucleolytic cut were not established. Their characterization is essential to understand the underlying mechanism. We show that the pacR sequence localized within 35bp downstream of the pac cut can be extensively degenerated, including its c1 and c2 repeats, and that only a disruption of a 5-bp polyadenine tract impairs the pac cleavage. This result together with deletion analysis of pacL shows that the specific DNA sequences required for targeting the terminase for pac cleavage are considerably shorter than the large region bound by TerS. Furthermore, extensive degeneration of the 6-bp target sequence within pacC where pac cleavage occurs reveals that TerL maintains, remarkably, its precise position of cleavage. Studies with SPP1-related phages show the conservation of the cut position, irrespective of the sequence variation in pacC and in pacR or the changes in pacL-pacC distance. Mechanistically, our data are compatible with a model in which TerS interactions with part of the pacL sequence and a poly-A tract in pacR are sufficient to orient very accurately the TerL nuclease to a defined pacC position. They also demonstrate that the resulting precise cut at pacC is independent of the targeted DNA sequence.
    Mots-clés : Bacteriophage, DNA packaging, genome recognition, pac cleavage, PHAG+, terminase, VIRO.

  • E. Dubois, N. Mathy, V. Régnier, J. Bischerour, C. Baudry, R. Trouslard, et M. Bétermier, « Multimerization properties of PiggyMac, a domesticated piggyBac transposase involved in programmed genome rearrangements », Nucleic Acids Research, 2017.
    Résumé : During sexual processes, the ciliate Paramecium eliminates 25-30% of germline DNA from its somatic genome. DNA elimination includes excision of ∼45 000 short, single-copy internal eliminated sequences (IESs) and depends upon PiggyMac (Pgm), a domesticated piggyBac transposase that is essential for DNA cleavage at IES ends. Pgm carries a core transposase region with a putative catalytic domain containing three conserved aspartic acids, and a downstream cysteine-rich (CR) domain. A C-terminal extension of unknown function is predicted to adopt a coiled-coil (CC) structure. To address the role of the three domains, we designed an in vivo complementation assay by expressing wild-type or mutant Pgm-GFP fusions in cells depleted for their endogenous Pgm. The DDD triad and the CR domain are essential for Pgm activity and mutations in either domain have a dominant-negative effect in wild-type cells. A mutant lacking the CC domain is partially active in the presence of limiting Pgm amounts, but inactive when Pgm is completely absent, suggesting that presence of the mutant protein increases the overall number of active complexes. We conclude that IES excision involves multiple Pgm subunits, of which at least a fraction must contain the CC domain.
    Mots-clés : DBG, DSMC, MICMAC.


  • Y. Duroc, R. Kumar, L. Ranjha, C. Adam, R. Guérois, K. Md Muntaz, M. - C. Marsolier-Kergoat, F. Dingli, R. Laureau, D. Loew, B. Llorente, J. - B. Charbonnier, P. Cejka, et V. Borde, « Concerted action of the MutLβ heterodimer and Mer3 helicase regulates the global extent of meiotic gene conversion », eLife, vol. 6, janv. 2017.
    Mots-clés : AMIG, B3S, biochemistry, Chromosomes, genes, INTGEN, Meiosis, mismatch repair, Recombination, S. cerevisiae.


  • C. Eisenach et A. De Angeli, « Ion Transport at the Vacuole During Stomatal Movements », Plant Physiology, p. pp.00130.2017, avr. 2017.


  • R. El Helou, G. Pinna, O. Cabaud, J. Wicinski, R. Bhajun, L. Guyon, C. Rioualen, P. Finetti, A. Gros, B. Mari, P. Barbry, F. Bertucci, G. Bidaut, A. Harel-Bellan, D. Birnbaum, E. Charafe-Jauffret, et C. Ginestier, « miR-600 Acts as a Bimodal Switch that Regulates Breast Cancer Stem Cell Fate through WNT Signaling », Cell Reports, vol. 18, nᵒ 9, p. 2256-2268, 2017.


  • C. Esnault, T. Dulermo, A. Smirnov, A. Askora, M. David, A. Deniset-Besseau, I. - B. Holland, et M. - J. Virolle, « Strong antibiotic production is correlated with highly active oxidative metabolism in Streptomyces coelicolor M145 », Scientific Reports, vol. 7, nᵒ 1, 2017.

  • C. Esnault, D. Leiber, C. Toffano-Nioche, Z. Tanfin, et M. - J. Virolle, « Another example of enzymatic promiscuity: the polyphosphate kinase of Streptomyces lividans is endowed with phospholipase D activity », Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 101, nᵒ 1, p. 139-145, 2017.
    Résumé : Polyphosphate kinases (PPK) from different bacteria, including that of Streptomyces lividans, were shown to contain the typical HKD motif present in phospholipase D (PLD) and showed structural similarities to the latter. This observation prompted us to investigate the PLD activity of PPK of S. lividans, in vitro. The ability of PPK to catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine (PC), the PLD substrate, was assessed by the quantification of [(3)H]phosphatidic acid (PA) released from [(3)H]PC-labeled ELT3 cell membranes. Basal cell membrane PLD activity as well as GTPγS-activated PLD activity was higher in the presence than in absence of PPK. After abolition of the basal PLD activity of the membranes by heat or tryptic treatment, the addition of PPK to cell membranes was still accompanied by an increased production of PA demonstrating that PPK also bears a PLD activity. PLD activity of PPK was also assessed by the production of choline from hydrolysis of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) in the presence of the Amplex Red reagent and compared to two commercial PLD enzymes. These data demonstrated that PPK is endowed with a weak but clearly detectable PLD activity. The question of the biological signification, if any, of this enzymatic promiscuity is discussed.
    Mots-clés : Amino Acid Motifs, Cell Membrane, Choline, eBio, Hydrolysis, Lipid droplets, MESMIC, MICROBIO, PF, Phosphatidic Acids, Phosphatidylcholines, Phospholipase D, Phosphotransferases (Phosphate Group Acceptor), Polyphosphate kinase, Promiscuous enzyme, Protein Conformation, Streptomyces lividans.


  • B. Felden et P. Bouloc, « Regulatory RNAs in bacteria: From identification to function », Methods, vol. 117, p. 1-2, 2017.


  • S. Fieulaine, R. Alves de Sousa, L. Maigre, K. Hamiche, M. Alimi, J. - M. Bolla, A. Taleb, A. Denis, J. - M. Pagès, I. Artaud, T. Meinnel, et C. Giglione, « Corrigendum: A unique peptide deformylase platform to rationally design and challenge novel active compounds », Scientific Reports, vol. 7, p. 39365, janv. 2017.

  • V. R. Figliuolo, L. E. B. Savio, H. Safya, H. Nanini, C. Bernardazzi, A. Abalo, H. S. P. de Souza, J. Kanellopoulos, P. Bobé, C. M. L. M. Coutinho, et R. Coutinho-Silva, « P2X7 receptor promotes intestinal inflammation in chemically induced colitis and triggers death of mucosal regulatory T cells », Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta, 2017.
    Résumé : P2X7 receptor activation contributes to inflammation development in different pathologies. We previously reported that the P2X7 receptor is over-expressed in the gut mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease, and that P2X7 inhibition protects against chemically induced colitis. Here, we investigated in detail the role of the P2X7 receptor in inflammatory bowel disease development, by treating P2X7 knockout (KO) and WT mice with two different (and established) colitis inductors. P2X7 KO mice were protected against gut inflammation induced by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid or oxazolone, with no weight loss or gut histological alterations after treatment. P2X7 receptor knockout induced regulatory T cell accumulation in the colon, as evaluated by qRT-PCR for FoxP3 expression and immunostaining for CD90/CD45RB(low). Flow cytometry analysis of mesenteric lymph node cells showed that P2X7 activation (by ATP) triggered regulatory T cell death. In addition, such cells from P2X7 KO mice expressed more CD103, suggesting increased migration of regulatory T cells to the colon (relative to the WT). Our results show that the P2X7 has a key role during inflammation development in inflammatory bowel disease, by triggering the death and retention in the mesenteric lymph nodes of regulatory T cells that would otherwise promote immune system tolerance in the gut.
    Mots-clés : ATP, B3S, colitis, MIP, P2X7 receptor, regulatory T cells.


  • E. Galli, C. Midonet, E. Paly, et F. - X. Barre, « Fast growth conditions uncouple the final stages of chromosome segregation and cell division in Escherichia coli », PLOS Genetics, vol. 13, nᵒ 3, p. e1006702, mars 2017.


  • E. Galli, E. Paly, et F. - X. Barre, « Late assembly of the Vibrio cholerae cell division machinery postpones septation to the last 10% of the cell cycle », Scientific Reports, vol. 7, p. 44505, mars 2017.

  • M. E. Ghachi, N. Howe, R. Auger, A. Lambion, A. Guiseppi, F. Delbrassine, G. Manat, S. Roure, S. Peslier, E. Sauvage, L. Vogeley, J. - C. Rengifo-Gonzalez, P. Charlier, D. Mengin-Lecreulx, M. Foglino, T. Touzé, M. Caffrey, et F. Kerff, « Crystal structure and biochemical characterization of the transmembrane PAP2 type phosphatidylglycerol phosphate phosphatase from Bacillus subtilis », Cellular and molecular life sciences: CMLS, 2017.
    Résumé : Type 2 phosphatidic acid phosphatases (PAP2s) can be either soluble or integral membrane enzymes. In bacteria, integral membrane PAP2s play major roles in the metabolisms of glycerophospholipids, undecaprenyl-phosphate (C55-P) lipid carrier and lipopolysaccharides. By in vivo functional experiments and biochemical characterization we show that the membrane PAP2 coded by the Bacillus subtilis yodM gene is the principal phosphatidylglycerol phosphate (PGP) phosphatase of B. subtilis. We also confirm that this enzyme, renamed bsPgpB, has a weaker activity on C55-PP. Moreover, we solved the crystal structure of bsPgpB at 2.25 Å resolution, with tungstate (a phosphate analog) in the active site. The structure reveals two lipid chains in the active site vicinity, allowing for PGP substrate modeling and molecular dynamic simulation. Site-directed mutagenesis confirmed the residues important for substrate specificity, providing a basis for predicting the lipids preferentially dephosphorylated by membrane PAP2s.
    Mots-clés : Bacterial lipids metabolism, ENVBAC, Membrane protein structure, MICROBIO, Peptidoglycan-related lipid, Undecaprenyl phosphate.

  • K. Gloux, M. Guillemet, C. Soler, C. Morvan, D. Halpern, C. Pourcel, H. Vu Thien, G. Lamberet, et A. Gruss, « Clinical relevance of FASII bypass in Staphylococcus aureus », Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2017.
    Résumé : The need for new antimicrobials to treat bacterial infections has led to the use of fatty acid synthesis (FASII) enzymes as front-line targets. However, recent studies suggest that FASII inhibitors may not work against the opportunist pathogen Staphylococcus aureus, as environmental fatty acids favor emergence of multi-anti-FASII resistance. As fatty acids are abundant in the host, and one FASII inhibitor, triclosan, is widespread, we investigated whether fatty acid pools impact resistance in clinical and veterinary S. aureus isolates. Simple addition of fatty acids to screening medium led to a 50% increase in triclosan resistance, as tested in 700 isolates. Moreover, non-culturable triclosan-resistant fatty acid auxotrophs, which escape detection under routine conditions, were uncovered in primary patient samples. FASII bypass in selected isolates correlated with polymorphisms in acc and fabD loci. We conclude that fatty-acid-dependent strategies to escape FASII inhibition are common among S. aureus isolates and correlate with anti-FASII resistance and emergence of non-culturable variants.
    Mots-clés : LGBMB, MICROBIO.

  • Y. Goulev, S. Morlot, A. Matifas, B. Huang, M. Molin, M. B. Toledano, et G. Charvin, « Nonlinear feedback drives homeostatic plasticity in H2O2 stress response », eLife, vol. 6, 2017.
    Résumé : Homeostatic systems that rely on genetic regulatory networks are intrinsically limited by the transcriptional response time, which may restrict a cell's ability to adapt to unanticipated environmental challenges. To bypass this limitation, cells have evolved mechanisms whereby exposure to mild stress increases their resistance to subsequent threats. However, the mechanisms responsible for such adaptive homeostasis remain largely unknown. Here, we used live-cell imaging and microfluidics to investigate the adaptive response of budding yeast to temporally controlled H2O2 stress patterns. We demonstrate that acquisition of tolerance is a systems-level property resulting from nonlinearity of H2O2 scavenging by peroxiredoxins and our study reveals that this regulatory scheme induces a striking hormetic effect of extracellular H2O2 stress on replicative longevity. Our study thus provides a novel quantitative framework bridging the molecular architecture of a cellular homeostatic system to the emergence of nonintuitive adaptive properties.
    Mots-clés : BIOCELL, cell biology, Computational Biology, S. cerevisiae, SOC, systems biology.

  • J. Gruchota, C. Denby Wilkes, O. Arnaiz, L. Sperling, et J. K. Nowak, « A meiosis-specific Spt5 homolog involved in non-coding transcription », Nucleic Acids Research, 2017.
    Résumé : Spt5 is a conserved and essential transcriptional regulator that binds directly to RNA polymerase and is involved in transcription elongation, polymerase pausing and various co-transcriptional processes. To investigate the role of Spt5 in non-coding transcription, we used the unicellular model Paramecium tetraurelia In this ciliate, development is controlled by epigenetic mechanisms that use different classes of non-coding RNAs to target DNA elimination. We identified two SPT5 genes. One (STP5v) is involved in vegetative growth, while the other (SPT5m) is essential for sexual reproduction. We focused our study on SPT5m, expressed at meiosis and associated with germline nuclei during sexual processes. Upon Spt5m depletion, we observed absence of scnRNAs, piRNA-like 25 nt small RNAs produced at meiosis. The scnRNAs are a temporal copy of the germline genome and play a key role in programming DNA elimination. Moreover, Spt5m depletion abolishes elimination of all germline-limited sequences, including sequences whose excision was previously shown to be scnRNA-independent. This suggests that in addition to scnRNA production, Spt5 is involved in setting some as yet uncharacterized epigenetic information at meiosis. Our study establishes that Spt5m is crucial for developmental genome rearrangements and necessary for scnRNA production.
    Mots-clés : ANGE, DBG.

  • L. Hamouche, S. Laalami, A. Daerr, S. Song, I. B. Holland, S. J. Séror, K. Hamze, et H. Putzer, « Bacillus subtilis Swarmer Cells Lead the Swarm, Multiply, and Generate a Trail of Quiescent Descendants », mBio, vol. 8, nᵒ 1, 2017.
    Résumé : Bacteria adopt social behavior to expand into new territory, led by specialized swarmers, before forming a biofilm. Such mass migration of Bacillus subtilis on a synthetic medium produces hyperbranching dendrites that transiently (equivalent to 4 to 5 generations of growth) maintain a cellular monolayer over long distances, greatly facilitating single-cell gene expression analysis. Paradoxically, while cells in the dendrites (nonswarmers) might be expected to grow exponentially, the rate of swarm expansion is constant, suggesting that some cells are not multiplying. Little attention has been paid to which cells in a swarm are actually multiplying and contributing to the overall biomass. Here, we show in situ that DNA replication, protein translation and peptidoglycan synthesis are primarily restricted to the swarmer cells at dendrite tips. Thus, these specialized cells not only lead the population forward but are apparently the source of all cells in the stems of early dendrites. We developed a simple mathematical model that supports this conclusion. IMPORTANCE: Swarming motility enables rapid coordinated surface translocation of a microbial community, preceding the formation of a biofilm. This movement occurs in thin films and involves specialized swarmer cells localized to a narrow zone at the extreme swarm edge. In the B. subtilis system, using a synthetic medium, the swarm front remains as a cellular monolayer for up to 1.5 cm. Swarmers display high-velocity whirls and vortexing and are often assumed to drive community expansion at the expense of cell growth. Surprisingly, little attention has been paid to which cells in a swarm are actually growing and contributing to the overall biomass. Here, we show that swarmers not only lead the population forward but continue to multiply as a source of all cells in the community. We present a model that explains how exponential growth of only a few cells is compatible with the linear expansion rate of the swarm.
    Mots-clés : DIR, SWARM.


  • N. Hildebrandt, C. M. Spillmann, W. R. Algar, T. Pons, M. H. Stewart, E. Oh, K. Susumu, S. A. Díaz, J. B. Delehanty, et I. L. Medintz, « Energy Transfer with Semiconductor Quantum Dot Bioconjugates: A Versatile Platform for Biosensing, Energy Harvesting, and Other Developing Applications », Chemical Reviews, vol. 117, nᵒ 2, p. 536-711, janv. 2017.

  • H. Issa, E. Huc-Claustre, T. Reddad, N. Bonadé Bottino, M. Tropis, C. Houssin, M. Daffé, N. Bayan, et N. Dautin, « Click-chemistry approach to study mycoloylated proteins: Evidence for PorB and PorC porins mycoloylation in Corynebacterium glutamicum », PloS One, vol. 12, nᵒ 2, p. e0171955, 2017.
    Résumé : Protein mycoloylation is a recently identified, new form of protein acylation. This post-translational modification consists in the covalent attachment of mycolic acids residues to serine. Mycolic acids are long chain, α-branched, β-hydroxylated fatty acids that are exclusively found in the cell envelope of Corynebacteriales, a bacterial order that includes important genera such as Mycobacterium, Nocardia or Corynebacterium. So far, only 3 mycoloylated proteins have been identified: PorA, PorH and ProtX from C. glutamicum. Whereas the identity and function of ProtX is unknown, PorH and PorA associate to form a membrane channel, the activity of which is dependent upon PorA mycoloylation. However, the exact role of mycoloylation and the generality of this phenomenon are still unknown. In particular, the identity of other mycoloylated proteins, if any, needs to be determined together with establishing whether such modification occurs in Corynebacteriales genera other than Corynebacterium. Here, we tested whether a metabolic labeling and click-chemistry approach could be used to detect mycoloylated proteins. Using a fatty acid alkyne analogue, we could indeed label PorA, PorH and ProtX and determine ProtX mycoloylation site. Importantly, we also show that two other porins from C. glutamicum, PorB and PorC are mycoloylated.
    Mots-clés : CORYNE, MICROBIO.


  • C. Jenzer et R. Legouis, « Les multiples facettes de l’autophagie au cours du développement », médecine/sciences, vol. 33, nᵒ 3, p. 238-245, 2017.

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